India’s colonial and post-colonial government systematically denied millions of tribal and forest-dwelling communities’ rights to their forest lands and resources. As a result of protracted grassroots struggle, the Scheduled Tribes, and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, also known as the Forests Rights Act (FRA), 2006 is a remarkable piece of legislation recognizing the individual and community rights of forest-dwelling and tribal communities. It sought to correct the ‘historic injustice’ faced by these communities integrating conservation and livelihoods. (more…)
Retrofitting is the process of making additions to or alterations of existing structures. In the context of buildings, retrofitting would involve making modifications to the existing building stock in an attempt to make it more energy-efficient, reduce its seismic vulnerability or adopt it as a component of hazard mitigation in general. It is important to note that buildings in India consume around 32% of the energy generated, contributing to around 22% of the annual GHG emissions. (more…)
Did you ever raise an eyebrow over the fact that India with its strong federal structure is not a federation? For a sovereign nation to be called a federation, the legislative powers between the Centre and the States need to be divided in an independent manner such that they remain within their sphere. Unlike the American Federation, India was called a Union of States as its formation was not the result of an agreement by the States and no State can secede from it. According to BR Ambedkar and the Drafting Committee of 1947, the indestructibility of our federal nation made it a Union. (more…)
The sorting of bodies into binary categories has been used for labor division and for identifying key differences in personality traits over the past centuries most of which has led to adverse consequences for gender identities. Gender studies, therefore, as an academic discipline aims to demystify these categories and introduces fluidity as an important aspect of gender. Most importantly, gender as a lived experience affects an individual’s social location and opportunities, therefore, its consequences demand careful examination. Gender can be defined as “both a term that refers to relationships of power, and a category of analysis and knowledge as an analytical tool”. Gender as a field of study is thus meant to teach us how to use such information for analysis to expand our understanding and execute inclusive policies. (more…)
National Family Health Survey (2019-2020): Assessing India’s Stance on Sexual Health & Family Planning
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a large, multi-round survey conducted in a representative sample of households throughout India. The survey provides State-wise information for India on fertility, maternal and child mortality and nutrition to name a few domains, to collect essential data on the health status of the population. Till date, 5 such surveys have been rolled out, the first being in 1992-93.
NFHS-5 (2019-20) was released on 12th December 2020 by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan- the indicators of evaluation in the survey being areas such as population, family health, reproductive and child welfare and domestic violence to name a few. (more…)
One of the major challenges of the education system in India is to address gender disparities in terms of enrolment and drop-out rates of the girl child. The dismal female literacy rate in 1981 was at 28.47% and increased to 65.46% in 2011 as opposed to the male literacy rate of 82.14% in 2011. The rural findings of ASER 2018 also reflected that in 2008, 20% of girls nationally in the 15-16 age group were not enrolled in schools, and in 2018 this number remained at 13.5%. (more…)
India, one of the most populous countries in the world, can accrue a lot of benefits from its labor market. There lies the immense potential for India to be the largest provider of skilled labor to the world. After opening up the economy, the Government realized the significance of skill development in the country, as it plays a significant role in increasing employment opportunities for the population. (more…)
Institutions such as CSOs and pressure groups have played a major role in raising ecological consciousness among people. However, their impact has not been greatly felt at the macro level as they struggle to voice their objections against the popular narrative of the human necessity for development. The failure of market forces, in considering the environmental consequences of their actions advocates the importance of policy intervention. Thus the need for policy-driven conservation efforts, duly supplemented by citizen activism, cannot be undermined. (more…)
India is predicted to become the 6th largest market for OTT (Over-the-top) platforms by 2024, with digital media reaching a valuation of $5.1 billion by 2021 alone. This growth can be credited to several factors including record low internet prices and the proliferation of mobile devices. This massive and undeniable change in the media landscape raises, perhaps inevitably, the issue of the integration of digital media into a broader policy landscape. The dialogue surrounding the regulation of digital media in all its forms has been steadily gaining momentum globally and in India. The question of content regulation in particular has proven to be a complex and nuanced issue with different stakeholders such as the government and media entities representing varied perspectives. (more…)
The Policy Dialogue: Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
We are organizing an online policy awareness and deliberation session on policy implications of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.
Date: 30th January 2021
Timings: 7:00 p.m. to 7:40 p.m.
Event Portal: Zoom (more…)