By Pragya Dhoundiyal, Law Center-1, Faculty of Law, Delhi University.
The United Nations was established with the objective of maintaining peace in the world and to prevent any further outbreak of war. To give shape to this objective, the Dumbarton proposal suggested establishment of an executive organ of limited membership whose prime responsibility would be to maintain International Peace and Security. This gave birth to one of the main organs of the United Nations that was the Security Council. It consisted of 15 members, 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members, and the non-permanent members were to be elected by the General Assembly for a period of 2 years. The first Security Council came into existence on 12th January, 1946, when it only had 11 members. It was only after 1965, when an amendment was brought about that the number of members was raised to 15. (more…)