Legal Journey of Section 377- A Relentless Battle of Expression and Recognition

By Abhiudaya Verma, Research Associate, Policy

The legal fight in Singapore against Section 377A of Singapore Penal Code, which can be called a close counterpart of the Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), is set to go further. On March 30th, 2020 the High Court of Singapore dismissed the plea to declare section 377A of Singapore Penal Code as unconstitutional. While upholding the law that criminalises homosexual activities between males in Singapore, the country’s Supreme Court judge also made few remarks in the Indian context saying ” I am unable to agree with the reasoning of the Indian Supreme Court given that the court appeared to have accepted a wider meaning of what constitutes “expression”, extending beyond verbal communication of ideas, opinions or beliefs”. The Indian Supreme Court on 6th September, 2018 ‘read down’ Section 377 of the IPC, making consensual sexual activity between adults no longer a criminal offence, regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity. For a country like India where public decency and morality plays a major role in deciding judgements, it was a fairly long and tough legal battle for arriving at this historic judgement. We have tried to trace the origins and the path that this legal battle took against Section 377 by enlisting a brief  history of its legal journey. (more…)

Social Policies in India: Evolving Causes and Effects

By Viswanadha Modali, Australian National University, Canberra.

To understand the evolution and impact of social policies in India, we must first define the often misunderstood term “social policy”. The London School of Economics very succinctly defines it as a policy ‘concerned with the ways societies across the world meet human needs for security, education, work, health and well being’. Given that the term has a very broad and elusive definition, it brings under its purview a very wide range of government policies impacting several facets of human life.  (more…)

Activism in Policy Making: Creating Socio Political Change

By Keerthana Chavaly, Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi & Gargi Kothiyal, Graphic Era (Deemed University), Dehradun

Public policy can be defined as ‘government action to address public issues’. It is essentially a government decision undertaken to pursue a certain goal or objective which may or may not be enforceable at the Central, State or local level of governance. Policy-making thus remains a dynamic process which is changing dramatically with the increased involvement of different stakeholders. Given the multiple voices of different stakeholders at various levels of policy-making, it is necessary for civil society to be proactive and create spaces for people’s involvement in public policy. One way of ensuring that people’s voices are heard and determine the fate of policy-making has been through activism.

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Law and Policy

Understanding the Law and Policy Interface in India

For delving deeper into the domain of Public Policy it is necessary to fully understand the interface between law and policy. However, when deciphering the policy landscape concerning the law, several questions dealing with the interrelation of law and policy tend to confuse us. To simplify and demystify the law and policy interface, let’s try to understand this interface, through our contemporary laws and policies. (more…)

Understanding the Policy Cycle in the Indian Context

By Elizabath Pappachan, Indian Institute of Technology Madras.

Policy is a course of action, selected from various alternatives, that an individual or an organisation adopts, which influences the present and future decision making. Policy cycle is the most optimal model through which policies are made, put into action and evaluated. It is described usually in six stages, which are: agenda setting, policy formulation, adoption, implementation, evaluation and policy maintenance. It is understood as a cycle, as the outcome of the implementation of the policy will help in determining any alteration in the existing policy or the creation of a new one. (more…)

Understanding Public Policy in India

In an ideal democracy, people and their well being is at the core of an exemplary Public Policy mechanism. It is thus crucial that we demand that our policies must be in line with the existing realities of the country. But before we can do that, we must understand Public Policy. Barring all the definitions that we find ourselves burdened with, to put it simply, depending on who we are talking about, in a democracy, Public Policy can mean different things for different groups.So what’s Public Policy? It’s the O factor! (more…)

What connotes Public Policy?

By Lakshmi Kailasan, Vivekananda Institute of Professional Studies, New Delhi.

Public Policy helps in removing deficiencies and improving conditions in a particular area of interest to the public. It helps the policy making agencies to assess public dealing methods and leads to an advancement of public administration. It further helps to examine what the government is doing, the procedure adopted by it for the same and its administration. Public policy may take the form of programmes, projects, budget allocations etc. 

Policy science was first developed by Daniel Lerner and Harold D. Lasswell in the year 1951 and is concerned with social consequences and policy implications. It is a multi-method problem and future oriented approach aimed at general promotion of social welfare. Policies concern themselves with a wide array of issues such as civil rights, poverty, environmental issues, unemployment and international trade etc. The dependence on economics for formulation of policies was at a later stage diluted to consider other disciplines which helped in a better understanding of societal needs. (more…)

LexQuest’s Online Certificate Course on Research Methodology

LexQuest is pleased to bring to you the first of its kind, Online Certificate Course on Research Methodology, which aims to make the student community, the professionals and the general public aware and well versed with the varied methods of Research, in the most comprehensible manner. Research is ubiquitous and an essential feature for disciplines such as law, public policy, language, literature, history and sociology, to name a few. Whatever might be the subject, research has to be an active, diligent and systematic process of inquiry in order to discover, interpret or revise facts, events, behaviours and theories. This course is designed to introduce the candidates to the concepts of Research Methodology, in the period of two months, thereby easing them into the process of Academic and Non-Academic Writing. (more…)