Coronavirus outbreak and the consequent nationwide lockdown has impacted nearly 40 million internal migrants, as per the World Bank, because of the uncertainty of their living conditions and their excludability in any specific demographic. The current pandemic saw an exodus of migrant workers, which made everybody unsure of the actual number of people who work in the informal economy. More than 90-92% of the workforce in India is informal, which directly means that they have no social and employment security.
We are organizing a virtual policy awareness and deliberation session on the subject of Social Policies for Migrant Labour in India. Date: 30th May 2020. Timings: 5:00 p.m. to 5:40 p.m. Event Portal: Zoom As a fall out of the recent pandemic, the life of migrant laborers has become a Read more…
By Abhiudaya Verma, Research Associate, Policy
With layoffs and pay-cuts starting in various firms all over the world, most economists are of the view that the economic crisis due to corona could be as bad as the 2008 financial crisis and that recession is inevitable. Experts also urged various Indian companies to avoid layoffs and pay cuts on humanitarian grounds and to provide a sense of security to their employees. But the neo-liberal world has imperilled the Welfare State values and in a pro-market economy it seems highly unlikely that firms would adopt the humane approach and face greater losses. In such times, it is the labour and social security laws that provide relief to the workforce of the country. The Government of India aims to bring a new labour legislation that would merge 44 labour laws under four categories– wages, social security, industrial safety & welfare, and industrial relations. The recent Social Security Code Bill, 2019 is one among the four consolidated laws. (more…)
The government’s intent to strengthen the minimum wage policies through the “Codes on Wages”, 2019 is noteworthy, but it fails to uplift the lives of the workforce as desired. Through the analysis of various wage policies of India, we can point out two major drawbacks in our present policies. One, lack of coordination among State and Central Government and two, lack of rigour on enforcement. Resolving these issues is imperative for the workforce to reap the benefits of India’s growing economy. For efficient enforcement, structural reforms in each sector are necessary as it will help employers to adapt to the changes in minimum wage policies.
Ever increasing consumption, rapid growth in population and modern production systems have resulted in greater demand for natural resources. Hilly areas of Northern India are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of climate change and indiscriminate exploitation of nature, as they are rich sources of biodiversity and natural resources. In these challenging times, sustainability is the way forward for these areas and sustainable livelihood is an important component of it. (more…)
By Parvathy Ramesh, University of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
In the 1950s and 60s, the green revolution led to an overhaul of the agricultural sector in India. Following this period, production improved to such an extent that in the present year of 2019, India remains self-sufficient for almost all agricultural produce. However, this positive gain is offset by escalating issues of agrarian distress spread across the country – farmers living in abject poverty, low productivity compared to viable land, and growing indebtedness that result in suicide and distress migration. This distress is punctuated by headlines of death and mass protests, which leads us to examine the issues that give rise to such a wide-spread problem. (more…)
Using the case study of Almora in Uttarakhand, this Working Document addresses the following issues: (more…)
By Parth Govilkar, School of Law, University of Mumbai.
India, a land of ironies, a country not only known for farming but also for the highest suicide rate of farmers; where a farmer produces crops for the people of the entire country, but himself sleeps on an empty stomach; where a farmer sweats out his life for protecting the crops, however, he is himself unable to procure clean and potable water to drink. (more…)
By Sandeep G., SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur.
The discovery of the online trading concept has invoked positivity, not only in the minds of wealthy businessmen but also in the minds of health-protecting farmers. Although India is an agrarian economy, the non-existence of equipoise between the rural and urban economy contributes to the deprivation of both the corporate and agricultural domains. In spite of favouring the corporate domain with Make in India and other similar policies, the Union Government developed a policy on the refinement of the agricultural sector. (more…)
By Anmol Kaur Bawa, Symbiosis Law College, Pune.
Self-Help Groups (SHGs) have pioneered the idea of microfinance investment in the Southeast Asian countries in the realm of globalisation. A Self-Help Group, as the term suggests, is a collective of borrowers at a micro-level, which takes loans from the bank under the combined representation of a group and lends among its members at a lower rate of interest. The individual earnings then, form a part of the group savings, in turn deposited to the bank. (more…)