Sustainable Livelihood through Education-The Way Forward for the Northern Hilly Areas

Ever increasing consumption, rapid growth in population and modern production systems have resulted in greater demand for natural resources. Hilly areas of Northern India are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of climate change and indiscriminate exploitation of nature, as they are rich sources of biodiversity and natural resources. In these challenging times, sustainability is the way forward for these areas and sustainable livelihood is an important component of it. (more…)

Searching for Greener Pastures: Agrarian Distress in India

By Parvathy Ramesh, University of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

In the 1950s and 60s, the green revolution led to an overhaul of the agricultural sector in India. Following this period, production improved to such an extent that in the present year of 2019, India remains self-sufficient for almost all agricultural produce. However, this positive gain is offset by escalating issues of agrarian distress spread across the country – farmers living in abject poverty, low productivity compared to viable land, and growing indebtedness that result in suicide and distress migration. This distress is punctuated by headlines of death and mass protests, which leads us to examine the issues that give rise to such a wide-spread problem. (more…)

Mega Food Park: A Journey from the Soil to the Stomach

By Parth Govilkar, School of Law, University of Mumbai.

India, a land of ironies, a country not only known for farming but also for the highest suicide rate of farmers; where a farmer produces crops for the people of the entire country, but himself sleeps on an empty stomach; where a farmer sweats out his life for protecting the crops, however, he is himself unable to procure clean and potable water to drink. (more…)

Digital Push for Agricultural Trade

By Sandeep G., SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur.

The discovery of the online trading concept has invoked positivity, not only in the minds of wealthy businessmen but also in the minds of health-protecting farmers. Although India is an agrarian economy, the non-existence of equipoise between the rural and urban economy contributes to the deprivation of both the corporate and agricultural domains. In spite of favouring the corporate domain with Make in India and other similar policies, the Union Government developed a policy on the refinement of the agricultural sector. (more…)

Self Help Groups in India: A Messiah for Rural Women?

By Anmol Kaur Bawa, Symbiosis Law College, Pune.

Self-Help Groups (SHGs) have pioneered the idea of microfinance investment in the Southeast Asian countries in the realm of globalisation. A Self-Help Group, as the term suggests, is a collective of borrowers at a micro-level, which takes loans from the bank under the combined representation of a group and lends among its members at a lower rate of interest. The individual earnings then, form a part of the group savings, in turn deposited to the bank. (more…)

Regional Rural Banks in India: Explained

By Tanya Patwal, Amity Law School, Delhi.

In India, especially the rural areas, majority of the population had no basic banking facility and had no financial services provided to them. Despite 14 private banks being nationalised in 1969, commercial-turned-national banks couldn’t cater to the rural credit needs. Thus, under an ordinance passed in 1975 on the recommendation of the Narasimham Committee and even before the Regional Rural Banks Act of 1976 came into existence, Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) were set up to provide credit for agricultural and rural activities. All Regional Rural Banks are authorized to carry on to transact the business of banking as defined in the Banking Regulation Act 1949. The following are important points explaining the formation and function of the RRBs in India: (more…)

Government to the Rescue of Domestic Workers

By Arifa Khan, Post Graduate College of Law, Osmania University, Hyderabad.

The exploitation of women and children domestic workers is regularly reported and with no rights protecting them. Most of the domestic help have become contemporary slaves. They are everywhere, in our homes, around small dhabas, tea stalls and working in every menial job possible. They work but are not considered as a part of the ‘services providing community’. They are paid very less, and many a times abused and met with physical ill-treatment. Hundreds of thousands of them endure untold suffering because of their perceived subordination due to caste, class and simply because of what they do for a living. Abuses range from underpaid wages to forced labour, physical violence, starvation and even death. Many women and children are trafficked and exploited by the placement agencies, which operate openly without any form of restrictions and regulations. (more…)

Rishabh Duggal v Bar Council of India: An End to the Age Limit Conundrum?

By Arifa Khan, Post Graduate College of Law, Osmania University, Hyderabad.

The Bar Council of India issued a Circular which fixes the age limit to 20 years and 45 years for 5 and 3 years Law Degree courses. The writ petition in Rishabh Duggal v. Bar Council of India was filed under Article 32 of the Constitution of India, against the said Circular No. 6 that restored Clause 28 by the Bar Council of India (BCI) which provides for a maximum age limit of 20 years and 45 years for taking admission into the 5 and 3 years Law degree course respectively. The said clause had been withdrawn by the BCI vide an earlier Resolution No. 231 in the Official Gazette; however, it was restored by Circular No. 6. (more…)

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana: A Study

By Ananya Banerjee, WBNUJS, Kolkata.

Farmers’ Suicides

The National Crime Records Bureau, in its report for accidental deaths and suicides, stated that a total of 5,650 farmers have committed suicide in the year 2014. The highest incidents of 2,568 farmers’ suicide were recorded in Maharashtra, followed by 898 incidents in Telangana and 826 in Madhya Pradesh during 2014. The report also mentioned the main reasons behind such suicides in which, ‘Bankruptcy and indebtedness’ topped the chart. According to a report published in September 2015, due to less than 50 percent rain in 2015 monsoon, more than 600 farmers have already committed suicide in the drought-prone Marathwada region of Maharashtra till now. (more…)