Rusting of a ‘migrant’ magnet: The severe ecological consequences of population influx on Delhi-NCR

By Shaunak Kishor Tapaskar, National Rail & Transportation Institute, Vadodara.

Migration is considered as a prime feature of today’s globalized world. People migrate from their places of origin to aspire for a safe and better future. In India, especially in its National Capital Region (NCR), we come across a similar phenomenon. NCR is the world’s largest urban agglomeration (UA) with a population of about 46 million. This region comprises of prominent cities like Delhi, Gurugram, Noida, and Ghaziabad. Among them, Delhi is the most populous with 18.6 million people and is also known as the National Capital Territory (NCT). Delhi’s booming services economy and its hegemony as the city with the highest per capita income in India makes it the migrant magnet. According to the 2011 census, nearly 40% of Delhi’s population comprised of outside individuals, which is the largest share among Indian cities, making it the ‘migrant capital’ of India. It also has the second largest population for inter-state migration, trailing only behind the state of Maharashtra. In Delhi, more than 75% of the total migrants are from the two states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Among the Indian states, the share of migrants from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttarakhand towards Delhi and its surrounding NCR consistently increased between 1991 and 2011. (more…)

The City of Imbalance: The Burden of Population and Ecological Crisis in Mumbai

Mumbai’s urban population is fast growing and problems of water availability, waste management and congestion are going to get more complex in future. Real estate development, Airport development project, Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train project, to name a few, are all meant to elevate the standard of life for an average citizen, however, their individual and collective consequences for the city’s air quality, water reserves and potential for sustainable land use draw a dismal picture. (more…)

Symposium on Public Policy: Urbanisation and Environmental Policies

LexQuest Foundation is organizing an immersive one-day public policy symposium, for students and young professionals.

The Symposium aims to reflect on the environmental policies and analyze their impact concerning the contemporary urban growth landscape of our country. The discussions and presentations will focus on the need to better the present legislative framework and to fill the prevalent policy gaps.  (more…)

Yettinahole River Diversion Project

By Yashika Jain, National Law University, Delhi.

Karnataka has been contemplating over diverting waters of the west flowing rivers to the east for many years and the answer to this, as proposed by the Karnataka government, is the Netravathi River Diversion Project. Netravathi, the lifeline of Southern Kannada districts, is thus under threat. (more…)

Judiciary and the Environmental Protection Laws in India

By Anshika Juneja, Symbiosis Law College, Pune.

It is fascinating to note that natural resources have been put away virtually untouched in the Earth for a large number of years. Be that as it may, since the beginning of the industrial revolution, immeasurable measures of these resources had been exploited within a period of only two or three hundred of years at unimaginable rates, with all the waste from this abuse going straight in the environment and genuinely harming its natural procedures. Although pollution had been known to exist for a very long time, it had seen the development of really global proportions just since the onset of the industrial revolution amid the 19th century. Environmental degradation in India has been brought on by an assortment of social, economic, institutional and technological factors. Quickly developing populace, urbanization and industrial exercises have all brought about impressive disintegration in the quality and sustainability of the environment. Environmental ethics have also formed an inherent part of Indian religious precepts and philosophy. (more…)

Polluter Pays Principle: An Analysis

By Deepti Purwar, Law College Dehradun. 

Saving the environment is the need of the hour. Environment refers to the sum total of what is around us i.e. Plants, animals, humans. We cannot live without other fellow beings and our surroundings but the celerity with which we are destroying the environment will only lead to the destruction of the life from this earth. Therefore protecting the environment is of paramount importance today which is why everyone should contribute towards saving the Environment. (more…)

Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE): Understanding the Basics

By Navishta Qureshi, NLIU, Bhopal.

In the present situation facing the globe, one of the most important considerations for economy of any country is the development of its energy sector. Not only from the perspective of economic production of goods, but also from the standpoint of the effect that it causes on environment, it is necessary that various countries of the world come together and co-operate with each other in order to provide energy security and fight against climate change. (more…)

WTO’s response to the Trade-Environment Nexus

By Aakanksha Mishra, Gujarat National Law University,  Gandhinagar.

The World Trade Organization was fashioned by the international order to promote free trade: to remove barriers between countries, to allow them to concentrate on products with a comparative advantage, leading to maximum international productivity. This, however, often challenges rules protecting the environment.  Even though the WTO has shown an increasingly open approach towards environmental issues, free trade is still the organisation’s backbone and trade liberalisation its main goal. International environmental law, on the other hand, provides the global institutional means for engaging in the global ecological challenges. It comprises of a loose affiliation of treaties, principles and customs and is a complex system of law which is still evolving and is further exacerbated by a dizzying array of stakeholders. There is considerable tension between the environmental goals and the rapid growth in international trade that places pressure on the earth’s ecosystems. (more…)