Sustainable Development Goals were adopted in the UN Sustainable Development Summit, 2015 by all member countries of the United Nations. Countries agreed upon The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, known as ‘Transforming Our World’, which is a shared blueprint for the development and prosperity of people and the planet. It comprises 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which are to be achieved by all countries by 2030. These goals provide a holistic approach to move towards sustainable development covering poverty alleviation, health, education, growth, clean energy, and other areas. Certain targets and indicators have been agreed upon to quantify the progress towards these goals. (more…)
If the current policies of India are to be critically examined, the response aims to focus on short-term and ad-hoc goals rather than long term sustainable solutions. Current social protection programmes are deemed expensive in nature and are based on a narrow understanding of people’s need. An important factor in the adaptation process is to measure the concrete effects of climate change on food production and agriculture. A deep understanding of how these effects play out on different aspects of food policy is what is essential for the country to avoid a national level food crisis. (more…)
Sea-level rise is one of the major challenges identified in the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Special Report ‘Global Warming of 1.5°C’. It is almost certain that we will experience at least one meter of sea-level rise, with some models estimating this will happen within the next 80 years, inducing serious implications in the form of damage to infrastructure, loss of land and displacement of communities. Even if we succeed in limiting the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees, sea levels will continue to rise for centuries to come, owing to the emissions we have already locked in. While living on the coast has always come with a certain level of flooding and erosion risks, climate change will alter our coastlines and we must prepare for this new reality.
By Drashti Vadhel, Rizvi College of Engineering, Mumbai.
Rapid industrialization in the country, coupled with an emphasis on the development of a “Modern India” has led to an increase in the amount of pollutants being generated everyday. The economic growth of India has come at the cost of deterioration of its environment. Be it in the form of harmful and toxic gases being emitted by the industries or contamination of our natural water bodies, the noxious presence of pollution can be witnessed throughout the spectrum. (more…)
By Akshat Jain, Madras School of Economics, Tamil Nadu.
India is going through a period that can be regarded as its worst environmental crisis. The air quality index in India is worsening with every passing day. 7 of the world’s 10 most polluted cities are in India. Many reasons have been cited for the plummeting Air Quality Index in north Indian cities; the most prominent amongst which is the burning of the stubble by farmers in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. In Punjab alone, which accounts for more than 50% of cases of stubble burning during the Diwali period, there have been 48,155 recorded cases of stubble burning from September to November, 2019. (more…)
Mumbai’s urban population is fast growing and problems of water availability, waste management and congestion are going to get more complex in future. Real estate development, Airport development project, Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train project, to name a few, are all meant to elevate the standard of life for an average citizen, however, their individual and collective consequences for the city’s air quality, water reserves and potential for sustainable land use draw a dismal picture. (more…)
If the recent reports are to be believed, India is hurtling headfirst towards Day Zero. Several cities will run out of groundwater by 2020. India’s demand for water will surpass its supply resources by 2030. This will affect the quality of life across India and stagnate the country’s development. (more…)
By Debarati Choudhury, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Hyderabad.
Story So Far:
The Coastal Regulation Zone Notification of 2019 has cleared the way for commercialisation and development projects in Mumbai, while racing towards a more vulnerable ecology. The proposal of lifting restrictions from over 6,070 kilometres of the coastline for commercial activities has rung alarms with many. According to the Government, “The proposed CRZ notification 2018 will lead to enhanced activities in the coastal regions thereby promoting economic growth while also respecting the conservation principles of coastal regions.” While this might seem like a win-win situation, environmentalists are wary that this will selectively benefit only a small section, and adversely affect all coastal communities through predictable yet inevitable weather changes and a steep rise in sea level. (more…)
While determining the environmental policies in India, the issue of noise pollution often takes a backseat, even as cities, towns, animals and humans continue to struggle through ever increasing levels of noise pollution. With the medical and ecological concerns sidelined, we are yet to chalk out concrete policies to curb noise pollution. This Policy Brief tries to put things into perspective and suggests the plausible aspects relating to noise pollution that can be addressed to mitigate the menace it creates. (more…)
By Naresh Babu Kunche, Prime Minister’s Rural Development Fellow.
Mumbai witnessed thriving industrialization in the 1900s followed by rapid urbanisation in the post-independence period. What started of as a conglomeration of seven islands, gradually kept undergoing land reclamation, and transformed into the financial capital of India. (more…)