“Respect” as Income Support? The Case of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi

The Kisan Long March of 2018 brought the grave situation of agrarian distress to the fore and built a consensus demanding policy intervention. Thus, the announcement of the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme (PM- KISAN) came as a form of confirmation of the ongoing agrarian crisis. The sixth installment of the scheme was rolled out by the Government from 1st August 2020. This Central scheme was announced in 2018 to benefit 14 crore small and marginal farmers with direct cash transfers of more than 75,000 crore rupees. Under this scheme, small and marginal farmers holding not more than 2 hectares of land are entitled to receive Rs 6,000 a year in 3 installments. After 2 cycles of the scheme being complete, it is important to look into its success and what it has been able to achieve in real terms.  (more…)

A much needed rehaul for India’s Agricultural Policies?

Information about the Issue:

On 27th September 2020, the Government of India brought in the Farmers’ Produce and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (hereinafter, referred to as the Act) which introduced a pivotal change in India’s agricultural policies. The Act, essentially, aims to provide freedom of choice to the farmers and traders in selling and purchasing farmers’ produce through alternative trading channels and increasing competition in the market. Thus, it allows for barrier-free trade of farmers’ produce outside the physical premises of the markets notified under the various State Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee laws (APMC laws).  (more…)

Mega Food Park: A Journey from the Soil to the Stomach

By Parth Govilkar, School of Law, University of Mumbai.

India, a land of ironies, a country not only known for farming but also for the highest suicide rate of farmers; where a farmer produces crops for the people of the entire country, but himself sleeps on an empty stomach; where a farmer sweats out his life for protecting the crops, however, he is himself unable to procure clean and potable water to drink. (more…)

Digital Push for Agricultural Trade

By Sandeep G., SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur.

The discovery of the online trading concept has invoked positivity, not only in the minds of wealthy businessmen but also in the minds of health-protecting farmers. Although India is an agrarian economy, the non-existence of equipoise between the rural and urban economy contributes to the deprivation of both the corporate and agricultural domains. In spite of favouring the corporate domain with Make in India and other similar policies, the Union Government developed a policy on the refinement of the agricultural sector. (more…)

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana: A Study

By Ananya Banerjee, WBNUJS, Kolkata.

Farmers’ Suicides

The National Crime Records Bureau, in its report for accidental deaths and suicides, stated that a total of 5,650 farmers have committed suicide in the year 2014. The highest incidents of 2,568 farmers’ suicide were recorded in Maharashtra, followed by 898 incidents in Telangana and 826 in Madhya Pradesh during 2014. The report also mentioned the main reasons behind such suicides in which, ‘Bankruptcy and indebtedness’ topped the chart. According to a report published in September 2015, due to less than 50 percent rain in 2015 monsoon, more than 600 farmers have already committed suicide in the drought-prone Marathwada region of Maharashtra till now. (more…)