Women in the Informal Sector: A Saga of Constraints and Vulnerabilities

The advent of globalization and marketization has resulted in an emergent trend towards the ‘informalisation’ of the labor market. Policymakers have identified the income-generation potential and the significance of the informal sector as a source of jobs in adverse economic crises. However, the phenomena of globalization and the work sphere cannot be disassociated from their gendered power relations. Developing countries like India, with a concomitant rise in informal employment, reveal an increasing number of women joining this sector, but mostly remaining “invisible” as they continue to work in low paid, low-status jobs in the informal sector; jobs which do not have any possibilities of betterment”. Studies suggest that 94% of women are a part of the informal sector, out of which approximately 50% perform functions in addition to their productive roles. These women are further confronted with constraints by their engendered role, wherein they’re additionally burdened with domestic responsibilities. Social connotations like these significantly contribute to the overall conceptualization of economic development.  (more…)

Balamrutham Programme: An Overview

By Anjana Mohan, Symbiosis Law School, Pune.

A country is born and brought up by its citizens. These citizens are the ones that rule the country and endow upon themselves the burden and struggles of keeping the country perfect for human civilization. Yet, many a times, the protection and provision of basic amenities for its people have been neglected. However presently, certain States in India have started realizing the need to mend the health and fitness of its people. One of the most common propositions brought up by the State Government of Andhra Pradesh, is the Balamrutham programme. As of now, it is on hold due to the bifurcation of the State into Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Nonetheless the strategies and the initiatives brought in through this programme are commendable. (more…)

Integrated Child Development Scheme: An Analysis

By Akash Agarwal, Amity Law School, Noida.

ICDS is one of the most successful welfare schemes established by the Ministry of Women and Child Development under the sole guidance of Government of India. ICDS, an integrated community and family welfare scheme had its inception on 2nd October 1975 with 33 projects all over the country. Since Independence, the children of India have been living in a deplorable condition facing harassment, malnutrition, bondage labour etc. They have witnessed an abysmal childhood without even having basic amenities of life like healthy food, clean water and proper clothes. They have lost expectation of their bright future in dark slums full of dust, dirt and dismal. Women and Children are the most backward community in India because they have not been provided importance in society, so suffered from ignorance. (more…)