Revisiting the Dilemma: Crime of Aggression and Humanitarian Interventions

By Ruchika Mohapatra, National Law University, Odisha.

Firstly, to understand the concept of Crime of Aggression, it is important to understand the relevant international conventions and treaties as well as the customary international law, and finally the general principles that define acts of aggression. A general act of aggression, as discussed in the U.N. Charter and a ‘crime of aggression’ are basically two separate concepts as per law. The “act of aggression” is the state-performed violation, while the “crime of aggression” is the individual criminal liability that the instigator or planner of an act of aggression may face. (more…)

A Study on the Agenda of Human Rights

By Jaskiran Kaur, Amity Law School, Delhi.

The death penalty entails the taking away of a person’s life after conviction on a capital offence by a competent court. The death penalty is still a legitimate form of punishment in some parts of United States of America, Saudi Arabia, and China.[1] The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights was indicative of the international view against death penalty – Article 6 implores those states which have not abolished the death penalty to exercise caution in carrying out this penalty. (more…)

WTO’s response to the Trade-Environment Nexus

By Aakanksha Mishra, Gujarat National Law University,  Gandhinagar.

The World Trade Organization was fashioned by the international order to promote free trade: to remove barriers between countries, to allow them to concentrate on products with a comparative advantage, leading to maximum international productivity. This, however, often challenges rules protecting the environment.  Even though the WTO has shown an increasingly open approach towards environmental issues, free trade is still the organisation’s backbone and trade liberalisation its main goal. International environmental law, on the other hand, provides the global institutional means for engaging in the global ecological challenges. It comprises of a loose affiliation of treaties, principles and customs and is a complex system of law which is still evolving and is further exacerbated by a dizzying array of stakeholders. There is considerable tension between the environmental goals and the rapid growth in international trade that places pressure on the earth’s ecosystems. (more…)