The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020: A Progressive Starting Point with Enough Room for Change

By Anushka Gutte, Research Associate, Policy

On March 17, 2020 the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha through a voice vote. The Bill seeks to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 by primarily proposing four changes. The Bill comes at a time when unsafe abortion is the third-leading cause of maternal mortality in India and a number of petitions have been made to amend the Act. (more…)

Women’s Right to Reproductive Freedom v. Human Rights

By Koshika Krishna, Rizvi Law College, Mumbai University.

The United States of America faces a dilemma. An NGO sobriquet ‘Planned Parenthood’ has come under the radar of public outrage. This initiative started with the motto ‘Care. No matter what’, aimed to introduce America into the new era of family planning, reduced teenage pregnancy and maternal mortality rates. It was highly lauded by the federal government of America. However in recent times, this mighty name has been smeared with myriad incidences. One of these evidenced a criminal conspiracy to make money off aborted baby parts while the other shows its workers engaged in sex selection scandals. Sparking off in the aftermath, debates over ‘abortion right and ethics’. The people have been divided over the contentions of pro-life and pro-choice hence raising, many significant questions on this front. For instance, how far do the statutes of ‘right to privacy’ stretch. Do they refuge a woman’s right to freely decide the fate of the foetus within her womb? Or should one, as assumed in many religions, heed to the opinion that a foetus from the day of its conception is a living being and hence entitled to being protected under the homicide laws as any other human? (more…)