The Potential Threat of Climate-Induced Migration: Coping Strategies & Mitigation Policies

India, a country already tormented by chronic poverty, developmental problems, and perils of overpopulation, is further burdened with acute climate migration internally as well as from neighboring countries. In the case of internal displacement, rural areas characterized by a loss of land productivity, and where conditions of drought and other cases of severe floods prevail, usually give rise to mass-migrations of people to urban areas in cities. For instance flooding in Uttarakhand and Sundarban region and droughts in States like Gujarat with majorly arid topography have led to migration towards the metropolitan cities of Delhi and Mumbai. According to data collected by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre between 2008-16, 200 million people have been displaced worldwide and in India 1.5 million people are classified as internally displaced every year. (more…)