Social Policies in India: Evolving Causes and Effects

By Viswanadha Modali, Research Associate, Policy

To understand the evolution and impact of social policies in India, we must first define the often misunderstood term “social policy”. The London School of Economics very succinctly defines it as a policy ‘concerned with the ways societies across the world meet human needs for security, education, work, health and well being’. Given that the term has a very broad and elusive definition, it brings under its purview a very wide range of government policies impacting several facets of human life.  (more…)

Activism in Policy Making: Creating Socio Political Change

By Keerthana Chavaly, Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi & Gargi Kothiyal, Graphic Era (Deemed University), Dehradun

Public policy can be defined as ‘government action to address public issues’. It is essentially a government decision undertaken to pursue a certain goal or objective which may or may not be enforceable at the Central, State or local level of governance. Policy-making thus remains a dynamic process which is changing dramatically with the increased involvement of different stakeholders. Given the multiple voices of different stakeholders at various levels of policy-making, it is necessary for civil society to be proactive and create spaces for people’s involvement in public policy. One way of ensuring that people’s voices are heard and determine the fate of policy-making has been through activism.

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Understanding Public Policy in India

In an ideal democracy, people and their well being is at the core of an exemplary Public Policy mechanism. It is thus crucial that we demand that our policies must be in line with the existing realities of the country. But before we can do that, we must understand Public Policy. Barring all the definitions that we find ourselves burdened with, to put it simply, depending on who we are talking about, in a democracy, Public Policy can mean different things for different groups.So what’s Public Policy? It’s the O factor! (more…)

What connotes Public Policy?

By Lakshmi Kailasan, Vivekananda Institute of Professional Studies, New Delhi.

Public Policy helps in removing deficiencies and improving conditions in a particular area of interest to the public. It helps the policy making agencies to assess public dealing methods and leads to an advancement of public administration. It further helps to examine what the government is doing, the procedure adopted by it for the same and its administration. Public policy may take the form of programmes, projects, budget allocations etc. 

Policy science was first developed by Daniel Lerner and Harold D. Lasswell in the year 1951 and is concerned with social consequences and policy implications. It is a multi-method problem and future oriented approach aimed at general promotion of social welfare. Policies concern themselves with a wide array of issues such as civil rights, poverty, environmental issues, unemployment and international trade etc. The dependence on economics for formulation of policies was at a later stage diluted to consider other disciplines which helped in a better understanding of societal needs. (more…)