If the current policies of India are to be critically examined, the response aims to focus on short-term and ad-hoc goals rather than long term sustainable solutions. Current social protection programmes are deemed expensive in nature and are based on a narrow understanding of people’s need. An important factor in the adaptation process is to measure the concrete effects of climate change on food production and agriculture. A deep understanding of how these effects play out on different aspects of food policy is what is essential for the country to avoid a national level food crisis. (more…)
There have been significant changes in the world and the country since the last time the education policy was modified. Hence a need was felt to do so now, such that the educational requirements of the present scenario could best be tackled. A committee was set up in June 2017 under the chairmanship of Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan to formulate the draft of a new National Education Policy, which was subsequently submitted by the Committee to the Central Government on 31st May, 2019. This proposed education policy is built on the foundational principles of accessibility, equity, quality, affordability and accountability in the education system. It has suggested a wide variety of major reforms at all levels of education concerning curriculum, pedagogy, technological interventions and structural reforms. (more…)
By Drashti Vadhel, Rizvi College of Engineering, Mumbai.
Rapid industrialization in the country, coupled with an emphasis on the development of a “Modern India” has led to an increase in the amount of pollutants being generated everyday. The economic growth of India has come at the cost of deterioration of its environment. Be it in the form of harmful and toxic gases being emitted by the industries or contamination of our natural water bodies, the noxious presence of pollution can be witnessed throughout the spectrum. (more…)
By Sarthak Kanoria, Christ Church College, Kanpur.
Gandhi’s saying, “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed” is highly relevant today, in comparison to the time when he said it. The progress made by India in the economic sphere is overshadowed by the deterioration in the quality of its environment. The health emergency recently declared in Delhi aptly signifies the seriousness of the problem we as a nation are facing because of pollution. (more…)
Mumbai’s urban population is fast growing and problems of water availability, waste management and congestion are going to get more complex in future. Real estate development, Airport development project, Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train project, to name a few, are all meant to elevate the standard of life for an average citizen, however, their individual and collective consequences for the city’s air quality, water reserves and potential for sustainable land use draw a dismal picture. (more…)
If the recent reports are to be believed, India is hurtling headfirst towards Day Zero. Several cities will run out of groundwater by 2020. India’s demand for water will surpass its supply resources by 2030. This will affect the quality of life across India and stagnate the country’s development. (more…)
By Priya Singh, Christ University, Bengaluru.
Believed to have been inhabited since the Stone Age, the city of Mumbai houses approximately 12 million people. Mumbai is India’s most populous city and one of the most populous cities in the world. The reason for this is manifold but employment plays a major role in attracting people to this cultural conglomerate of a city. It is also the commercial powerhouse of India. Thousands flock to Mumbai every year to get a taste of the glamorous lifestyle that the city promises. The reality, however, is far from the image that many associate with the city. The city now crumbles under the burdening weight of thousands who come to the city, adding a huge pressure on the infrastructure of the city which is being used at maximum capacity. (more…)
By Tanu Singh, Ramjas College, New Delhi.
Union Home Minister Amit Shah put forward a Bill on 9 July 2019, proposing amendments in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967. On 24 July the Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha. The Rajya Sabha cleared the Bill with 147 voting in favour and 42 against. UAPA, implemented in 1967, is an Act ‘to provide for the more effective prevention of certain unlawful activities of individuals and associations and for matters connected therewith’. It assigns absolute power to the Central Government, by way of which, if the Centre deems an activity as unlawful then it may, by way of an Official Gazette, declare it so. (more…)
By Priya Singh, Christ University, Bengaluru.
The Parliament recently passed the Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019. This Amendment Bill was proposed to amend the Right to Information Act of 2005. Despite strong opposition protest in the Lok Sabha and an opposition walkout in Rajya Sabha, the Amendment Bill has been ratified by both Houses of the Parliament. The opposition had proposed to refer the Bill to a standing committee that would decide its constitutional validity, however, this was not assented to by the majority. (more…)