Towards Inclusion

By Pragya Dhoundiyal, Law Center-1, Faculty of Law, Delhi University.

The United Nations was established with the objective of maintaining peace in the world and to prevent any further outbreak of war. To give shape to this objective, the Dumbarton proposal suggested establishment of an executive organ of limited membership whose prime responsibility would be to maintain International Peace and Security. This gave birth to one of the main organs of the United Nations that was the Security Council. It consisted of 15 members, 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members, and the non-permanent members were to be elected by the General Assembly for a period of 2 years. The first Security Council came into existence on 12th January, 1946, when it only had 11 members. It was only after 1965, when an amendment was brought about that the number of members was raised to 15. (more…)

The Millennium Development Goals and India: How far along have we come?

By Hita M. Agarwal, WBNUJS, Kolkata.

The millennium year, 2000, or Y2K, as it has come to be known in popular culture – marked an occasion of renewal of hope and aspirations. A new date, meant to many, a chance to shed the burden of the past and aspire for a better future. How then, could an organisation as multifaceted, conscientious and accelerative as the United Nations miss on this singular opportunity and positive atmosphere to further the cause of the unvoiced? (more…)

Censorious assay to the Recommendations regarding United Nations, 2015

By Puja Kaushal, RMLNLU, Lucknow.

The United Nation was founded in 1945 to save succeeding generations from the courage of war. But still too many people in this world and few places are beginning the year in grief, suffering and miserable conditions caused by conflict and deliberate violence. In short, human beings are far from being safe from the scourge of war, despite the UN’s best efforts. Therefore, a need of change was considered. A change is that all institutions must adapt to cope with new circumstances. Since then there have been many issues relating to the shifts of power and wealth in the world. And at the same time there were also issues regarding to the Security Council (SC). As SC has responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, acting on behalf of all the member states, is still dominated by the same five permanent members that were designated all those years ago, being the five great powers that had just won the war. So, subsequently four proposals have been made to UN. (more…)