Revisiting the Dilemma: Crime of Aggression and Humanitarian Interventions

By Ruchika Mohapatra, National Law University, Odisha.

Firstly, to understand the concept of Crime of Aggression, it is important to understand the relevant international conventions and treaties as well as the customary international law, and finally the general principles that define acts of aggression. A general act of aggression, as discussed in the U.N. Charter and a ‘crime of aggression’ are basically two separate concepts as per law. The “act of aggression” is the state-performed violation, while the “crime of aggression” is the individual criminal liability that the instigator or planner of an act of aggression may face. (more…)

Zero Hunger Programme: A Step to Remove Nutritional Deficiency in India

By Arifa Khan, Post Graduate College of Law, Osmania University, Hyderabad.

Every day, men and women across the globe struggle to feed their children a nutritious meal. In a world where we produce enough food to feed everyone, one in nine – still goes to bed on an empty stomach each night. The second most populous country in the world, India has a steady economic growth and has achieved self-sufficiency in grain production in recent years. Despite this, high levels of poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition exists. About 21% of the population lives on less than US $1.90 a day and levels of inequality and social exclusion are very high. India is home to a quarter of all undernourished people worldwide, making the country a key focus for tackling hunger on a global scale. (more…)

Towards Inclusion

By Pragya Dhoundiyal, Law Center-1, Faculty of Law, Delhi University.

The United Nations was established with the objective of maintaining peace in the world and to prevent any further outbreak of war. To give shape to this objective, the Dumbarton proposal suggested establishment of an executive organ of limited membership whose prime responsibility would be to maintain International Peace and Security. This gave birth to one of the main organs of the United Nations that was the Security Council. It consisted of 15 members, 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members, and the non-permanent members were to be elected by the General Assembly for a period of 2 years. The first Security Council came into existence on 12th January, 1946, when it only had 11 members. It was only after 1965, when an amendment was brought about that the number of members was raised to 15. (more…)

The Millennium Development Goals and India: How far along have we come?

By Hita M. Agarwal, WBNUJS, Kolkata.

The millennium year, 2000, or Y2K, as it has come to be known in popular culture – marked an occasion of renewal of hope and aspirations. A new date, meant to many, a chance to shed the burden of the past and aspire for a better future. How then, could an organisation as multifaceted, conscientious and accelerative as the United Nations miss on this singular opportunity and positive atmosphere to further the cause of the unvoiced? (more…)

Censorious assay to the Recommendations regarding United Nations, 2015

By Puja Kaushal, RMLNLU, Lucknow.

The United Nation was founded in 1945 to save succeeding generations from the courage of war. But still too many people in this world and few places are beginning the year in grief, suffering and miserable conditions caused by conflict and deliberate violence. In short, human beings are far from being safe from the scourge of war, despite the UN’s best efforts. Therefore, a need of change was considered. A change is that all institutions must adapt to cope with new circumstances. Since then there have been many issues relating to the shifts of power and wealth in the world. And at the same time there were also issues regarding to the Security Council (SC). As SC has responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, acting on behalf of all the member states, is still dominated by the same five permanent members that were designated all those years ago, being the five great powers that had just won the war. So, subsequently four proposals have been made to UN. (more…)